A Non-Governmental Organisation in Formal Consultative Relations with UNESCO
The International Council for Traditional Music is an Non-Governmental Organisation in formal consultative relations with UNESCO. Its aims are to further the study, practice, documentation, preservation and dissemination of traditional music and dance of all countries. To these ends the Council organises World Conferences, Symposia and Colloquia.
By means of its wide international representation and the activities of its Study Groups, the International Council for Traditional Music acts as a bond among peoples of different cultures and thus serves the peace of humankind.
In her capacity as Honourable Secretary of the International (Advisory) Folk Dance Council, Maud Karpeles (1885–1976) organised the International Conference on Folk Song and Folk Dance, held at the Belgian Institute in London, 22–27 September 1947. Delegates from twenty-eight countries participated, mostly appointed by the governments of their respective nations, as well as a UNESCO representative, Vanett Lawler. The conference was paid for by a small fund held by the English Folk Dance and Song Society (EFDSS), representing profits from the International Folk Dance Conference and Festival held in 1935, an additional £100 from the EFDSS itself, and the same amount from an anonymous donor.
On the afternoon of Monday, 22 September 1947, the Vice Chairman of the conference, Sir James Steuart Wilson (1889–1966), proposed “that an International Folk Music Council be formed”. The motion was carried by a show of hands. In the following days, a provisional constitution was adopted, and Officers and an Executive Board were appointed for one year.
The Officers were:
The Executive Board consisted of:
In the same year, IFMC appointed 140 music experts as correspondents from 35 countries and regions. On 13–18 September 1948, the first IFMC conference was held in Basel, and the first Bulletin was published. In 1949 the first issue of the Journal of the International Folk Music Council appeared, and the Council was one of the founding members of the International Music Council - UNESCO. The Yearbook of the International Folk Music Council replaced it in 1969. The name change to the International Council for Traditional Music occurred at the 26th World Conference in Seoul on 27 August 1981. The name of the journal then became the Yearbook for Traditional Music.
The first President of the Council was English composer and folk music collector Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958), followed by Dutch ethnomusicologist Jaap Kunst (1891-1960), Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist and pedagogue Zoltán Kodály (1882-1967), American ethnomusicologist Willard Rhodes (1901-1992), British ethnomusicologist Klaus P. Wachsmann (1907-1984), Danish composer and ethnomusicologist Poul Rovsing Olsen (1922-1982), German ethnomusicologist Erich Stockmann (1926-2003), Anthony Seeger, Krister Malm, and currently, Adrienne L. Kaeppler.
ICTM World Conferences have been held since 1948 and are presently biennial. They offer the membership and the general public opportunities for exchanges on a broad range of issues.
The most recent ICTM World Conference took place in July 2011 in St. John’s, Canada. Previous World Conference sites include Durban (South Africa), Vienna (Austria), Sheffield (UK), Fuzhou and Quanzhou (China), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Hiroshima (Japan), Nitra (Slovakia), Canberra (Australia), and Berlin (Germany), among others.
The next ICTM World Conference will be hosted by the Shanghai Conservatory of Music in Shanghai, China from 11 to 17 July 2013.
ICTM Study Groups are formed by ICTM members sharing a common area of scholarly study. They periodically meet at Study Group Symposia (see the Calendar of Events for upcoming Study Group Symposia).
Currently there are 19 active ICTM Study Groups, on African Musics, Applied Ethnomusicology, East Asian Historical Musical Sources, Ethnochoreology, Folk Musical Instruments, Historical Sources of Traditional Music, Iconography of the Performing Arts, Maqām, Mediterranean Music Studies, Multipart Music, Music and Dance in Southeastern Europe, Music and Dance of Oceania, Music and Gender, Music and Minorities, Music Archaeology, Music in the Arab World, Music of the Turkic-Speaking World, Musics of East Asia, and Performing Arts of Southeast Asia.
Colloquia have been organized by invitation since 1981. These events focus on selected themes, intensively discussed by smaller groups of scholars and representatives from related fields.